The Consumer Guide to Purchasing Saffron
Let’s face it, you want both quality and value in saffron. As a saffron lover you appreciate the totally unique and seductive flavor, aroma and color saffron lends to a wide range of dishes. You don’t want to pay an arm and a leg for saffron’s uniqueness. But saffron is sold in the U.S. in many different grades from several different countries at many different prices. What’s a consumer to do? Get educated! Vanilla, Saffron Imports wants you to know the truth about saffron. This is why we made “The Consumer Guide to Purchasing Saffron”, strictly for you.
There are only three criteria you must look for every time you buy saffron:
Saffron threads (Stigmas) are all red (no other color).
Saffron threads must be dry and brittle to the touch.
Saffron aroma is strong and fresh, never musty.
Keep these three criteria in mind every time you buy saffron. Study this drawings of the saffron crocus plant (Crocus Sativus L.), to learn more about what is and isn’t saffron. However, recently we have been seen adulterated saffron from various sources, so you must also be aware of the following:
a) Long red threads: It means that the whole saffron thread has been tinted.
b) A very uniform red color: Again, the threads could have been dyed.
c) Streaks of yellow accross the thread: We’ve seen red threads with a streak of yellow or orange, then red again. This happens when saffron is tinted, but a thread is covered by another, so the dye doesn’t reach the thread below, leaving a red-yellow-red pattern.
And finally, do not be fooled into thinking that saffron’s quality is tied to saffron’s price. In other words, saffron’s price is tied to how much saffron is harvested in a particular country and how many middlemen handle it before it reaches you.
Differences between Sargol saffron threads and powder.
Finally, a note about the difference between Sargol saffron threads and powder. Both are excellent. Both are easy to use. It comes down to personal preference. For maximum flexibility, choose the threads. This way you can prepare dishes which show off the whole threads and you can easily crush the threads into powder for maximum color diffusion in dishes where this may be particularly important.
For a more in-depth information about our Sargol saffron, read and study the pictures and descriptions below. ©
Buying pure saffron has everything to do with BREAKING DOWN MYTHS. This is why I want you to know the aproximate figures on world saffron production: Iran 225/275 mt., Greece 4/7 mt., Afghanistan 2 mt, Morocco, maybe 2 mt., Kashmir maybe 2, Spain 700 kilos; Italy 5 kilos. As you see, Spain is NOT the biggest producer. Iran is the biggest producer in the world in terms of volume and quality. The truth is that the saffron “market” is in the hands of packers, not farmers. As a rule, packers buy all the saffron they are offered and then have to sell it quickly so that they can claim that it is from the most current crop year. So saffron comes into the market as a MIXTURE of different qualities from different countries.
LOWEST price is the rule – QUALITY is of little concern to the packer. You can easily observe this when you open a sample of inferior saffron and notice the mixture of red, yellow and white material style left attached to the stigma or just yellow material added. You may also notice a musty smell and spongy texture due to excess moisture. You will only find stigma (threads) in our saffron. See pictures below ©.
What is saffron coloring strength?
The general range of saffron coloring strength could be form 110-250+. Our saffron has a range of minimum of 230 to 280 degrees of color. The coloring strength should be clearly printed on the tin can according to ISO. Our SARGOL saffron does not contain any other part of the saffron plant, except the pure red stigmas, which contain ALL of the spice’s aroma, flavor and natural color. SEE THE ILLUSTRATIONS BELOW ©. Coloring power is the only measuring tool that assures you of CONSISTENT saffron quality. To get this number, saffron’s principal chemical compound, CROCIN, is measured in a laboratory. The testing standards are written by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). Saffron contains several chemical compounds. CROCIN is the one measured because it is a precursor to the other compounds, which together produce the three things your chefs are looking for: AROMA (safranal), FLAVOR (picrocrocin) AND COLOR (crocin). Pure, ALL RED saffron WILL MEASURE HIGHER on the coloring scale than saffron, which is mixed with other parts of the saffron plant.
WHAT EXACTLY IS SARGOL SAFFRON?
SARGOL SAFFRON is made up of the red stigmas which have been CUT and SEPARATED prior to drying. Stigmas cut this way provide MAXIMUM flavor, aroma and natural dye in cooking and baking. Improper harvesting and drying techniques seriously impact ultimate saffron quality. SARGOL SAFFRON is 100% pure saffron.
The stigma is the only part of the saffron we sell to you. Sargol Stigmas range from 3/8″ to 1/2″ in length. Sargol saffron. In other countries it is referred to as coupe saffron (cut), or all red stigma.
As you examine the image on the left, you see that the stigmas are attached to a slender white style, which, when dried, turns pale yellow.
The Style of the saffron plant, has NO CULINARY VALUE, that means NO AROMA, FLAVOR or COLOR. If is left attached to the red stigmas, it adds 30% to 50% DEAD weight to the saffron, and you pay for it. Note it’s as long as 1 ¾ inches. When dry, it curls and you can hardly see it.
We had to put this information sticker on our containers in order to remind our Chefs to use 1/3 to ½ less saffron than any other saffron they use before. This is because we only use the STIGMA.
When the stigmas remain attached to each other it is more difficult to achieve a low moisture content in the drying process. So even though the stigmas are slightly longer in (N-2 picture), their quality is not as high as when the stigmas are dried separately. In other words the “longer” the style the lower the quality of the saffron and the higher the “dead weight”. Categories 3 Pushali and 4 Pushali are exported out of Iran to packers for further “MIXING” and repacking. These are the categories, which come into the USA as “Mancha” after they have been mixed with saffron from “other countries”. The bulk of this saffron in the mix is from Iran. To avoid confusing you, we only sell N-1, SARGOL SHORT. Sargol short is Saffron in it’s purest form.
Notice that usually two or three stigmas are joined with the style. When left attached to the style, they capture inside up to 12% more moisture during the curing/drying process. This, plus the 1½” of style left attached, make up the 30% to 50% added weight. (Waste, we mentioned earlier). Again, we only sell the stigma.
This is the most important part of the saffron process. By cutting the stigmas apart prior to drying them, the “moisture” will evaporate out and no moisture remains inside the saffron stigma. When you leave the stigmas attached to each other, moisture is trapped inside the stigma. This shortens the shelf life and quality of the saffron. The drying process activates the chemical compounds, which release aroma, color and flavor. You can tell high moisture content in saffron by the soft or spongy texture to the touch. Moist saffron will develop a musty smell instead of saffron’s distinct clean aroma. Our Sargol saffron’s moisture is as low as 2% and its aroma is pleasantly memorable and distinct. Sargol *stigmas dried this way are brittle to the touch. You can crush them into powder between your fingers or with just a little pressure between two metal spoons.
The secret to getting your money’s worth with saffron is to buy OUR* Sargol saffron and then make a tea out of it before you add it to a recipe. Yes, a tea, sometimes referred to as an infusion or “steeping” saffron. This is exactly the same principle you use in making any tea – the longer the saffron steeps, the stronger its flavor, aroma and color. Where saffron preparation differs from tea is that you can release saffron effectively in hot liquid such as water, broth or milk or in room temperature white wine, vodka, rosewater, orange blossom water, white vinegar or citrus juice. In other words, saffron’s chemicals respond positively to hot liquid or room temperature alcohol and acids (citrus).
The amount of liquid is not important, use whatever is called for in your recipe or add just a teaspoon or two of hot water to a recipe, which will not harm it. Then put the threads or powdered saffron in the liquid and leave it for a minimum of 20 minutes before you add this “tea” to the recipe. Do not remove the saffron threads from the liquid. They continue to release aroma, flavor and color for up to 24 hours, which is why saffroned dishes and breads always taste even stronger as leftovers. With more flavor, aroma and color release than you would otherwise have, steeping saffron is the most economical way to use this spice.
Once you get comfortable cooking and baking with saffron, you will find the longer you steep your saffron, the less you will need per recipe.
*Please note that we say OUR Sargol, which we consider different to all others, since ISO-3632 requires minimum 190 units of color for Category–1 saffron. Ours has 230/280 units of color, surpassing by 40 points ISO minimum requirements.
A special note about toasting OUR Sargol saffron: do not do it! It is unnecessary to dry OUR Sargol saffron any further because it has already been processed to exactly the right dryness for either steeping or crushing into powder. The only reason you might read elsewhere that saffron threads should be further dried prior to use is that lower grade saffron may contain too much moisture for good release of its aroma, color and flavor. Since Sargol saffron contains no excess moisture we do not want you to take a chance of spoiling it by scorching it over a flame, on top of the stove or in an oven.